Osteoarthritis and Finger Length

Is your index finger shorter than your ring finger? According to a study published in Arthritis and Rheumatism, women with index fingers shorter than their ring fingers may be at greater risk for developing Osteoarthritis, especially in the knee.

What is Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease. It is the most common form of arthritis and affects over 70 million American adults; this figure is expected to double by the year 2030 as the number of older adults increases. (Risk Factors, Healthcentral.com) There is a progressive loss of cartilage and it has been found to be caused by a combination of genetic factors and joint injury or wear and tear of the joint. People with Osteoarthritis suffer with stiff and painful joints that can sometimes worsen as they continue to use the joint during the day. Some of the risk factors that lead to this disease include: obesity, injuries, work and leisure activities that place ongoing strain on the joints, and a family history of arthritis.

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A Closer Look at the Results of the Study

Although the results of this study found this risk to be present in both women and men, the risk was almost double for women. Men’s ring fingers are more likely to be longer than the ring finger overall. Women normally have fingers closer in length. The study also looked at the risk toward arthritis in the hip, however, they did not find as close of a relationship between finger length and hip arthritis as they did with Osteoarthritis of the knee. Additionally, the smaller the ratio of 2D:4D, the greater the risk is to developing Osteoarthritis of the knee.

Previous studies of ring to index finger comparisons have shown that longer ring fingers are associated with higher prenatal testosterone levels, higher sperm counts and lower estrogen concentrations. This is the first study that examined the risk factor of finger length to Osteoarthritis.

Over 3000 people were participants of the study, 2,049 that had been previously diagnosed with Osteoarthritis of the knee and 1,123 that had never been diagnosed and showed no symptoms of joint disease.

The authors of the study accept that limitations prevent the results from being conclusive, however, the findings indicate some presence of a link between finger length and the risk of Osteoarthritis and warrant additional scientific studies.

Fun facts about Cheetahs – What kids need to know?

When it comes to the fastest land animal to ever grace the face of the earth, it will be quite impossible not to refer to cheetah. Should this be surprising? It has the ability to reach the speed of almost 113 km per every hour. It can also accelerate starting from 0 to almost a maximum of 100 km per hour. What is even breath taking is the fact that the latter can be done by only allotting 3 seconds. These are just some fun facts about cheetahs. There are still more. What are these?

A Closer Look at Cheetahs

As mentioned, nothing can ever beat cheetahs when it comes to running. As a matter of fact, it will only utilize its tail in order for steering to occur or take place. The mentioned is used like that of a boat rudder. Not all animals have the ability to do the mentioned. Aside from this, what is even fascinating is that cheetahs are the only – ever big cat that have the ability to turn in when they are in the air. They can do this while they sprint, which is again – commendable. Do not get this wrong though. Unlike lions, cheetahs are unlikely to roar. But then, they have a wide range of vocalizations that can be pretty meaningful as well. For instance, they can growl or purr. They do this as a sign of contact call. This would somehow be synonymous to that of birds chirping.

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Lair will always be selected by these female cheetahs. They may pursue rocky outcrop, or even that of a marshy area. It does not even matter whether this comes with tall grass or not. This is how they always do prior to giving birth to whatever cubs they will be having. Whenever they need to go for hunting that is the only time when they will leave their cubs. They will undertake this prior to returning to the nurse they have to do. There is no amount of help which can be expected from the male cheetahs. This is their nature.

Female cheetahs are also known for their independent attitude. They are always solitary. They can live alone. However, this is the opposite for male. They always need to be a part of small groups. It does not matter whether this is only comprised of 2 to 3. For as long as there are other male cheetahs, they will be comfortable. They actually treat one another like a brother.

It will not be impossible to trace the mood of the cheetahs. This is the truth since it comes with its very own and even unique facial expressions. If the Native American symbology is to be asked upon, cheetahs are good representation of insight, swiftness and as well as focus. These are all related to it.

The existence of cheetahs has been traced for almost 4 million years ago. This was the case even before the presence of big cats seen today. Needless to say, cheetahs will always be affectionate, caring and even dedicated.

Harlem Renaissance Facts – The History

As it lasted from 1920 down to the middle of 1930, it can be known as a fact that the Harlem Renaissance would always represent artistic, literary and as well as intellectual movement which was responsible in rekindling new cultural identity of the black community. Its importance would always be pointed out by critics including Alain Locke during the 1920s as a declaration of oneself through art. It was almost the time when the life of the Negro finally seizes its changes. This was the time when determination was also fore fronted. This is how a ton of Harlem Renaissance facts would always be.

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Needless to say, it will always be referred to as the spiritual coming of age. This was the time when the new Negro underwent transformation for they have been disillusioned for quite a long time. It was the era when the pride for their race had been evident. There were so many visual arts that popularized during the Renaissance period. However, the only exclusion will be the jazz. Yes this is the reality even if many would like to be a part of the foregrounding of the black art. They will always be different from each other.

The start

The nucleus of the said movement may be credited to a ton of people. These were Jean Toomer, Zora Neale Hurston, Rudolf Fisher, Langston Hughes,  Arna Bontemps, Jessie Redmon Fauset  and even that of Nella Larsen. All these people were involved. There was also an older generation which comprise intellectuals and writers. These were Claude McKay, Charles S. Johnson and even that of Alain Locked. These were considered the mentors during those times,

The exotic world of Harlem fueled the fascination of a tenfold of whites when it comes to the industry of publication. This was the tie when black writers were then given a chance to publish. Basically, the literature during that time had to focus on the portrayal of a black life. This would always be the central topic seen. There were conservative black critics who were really afraid that the ghetto realism would somehow be the reason for the impediment of the equality in race. The aim of the movement during that time was simple. It was not in any way – related to politics but to that of beauty or aesthetic. This should not be perceived wrong though. Racial prejudice would only be second in the contribution of the black when it comes to the world of literature.

As it had been foreshadowed, the Renaissance was responsible in influencing future generations waiting for black writers. However, in the year 1930, this was only waned in the establishment of literature. This became evident as the civil rights movement was pursued. This was the time when wider recognition was earned instead.

Racial discrimination would always be a worldwide issue. It was ironic how history really reoccur. This movement for creative purposes would always be a guide to the artistic expression of people today. This is for certain and it cannot be ignored once more.